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Grandjean on Mapping Migration Flows in 1862

“In the nineteenth century, hundreds of thousands of Europeans left their continent to find a better (?) life in the Americas and in the colonies.”

“Based on 1858 data, the map of Charles Joseph MINARD (published in 1862) shows migration flows that contrast with the maps of the twenty-first century. That year, 86.000 Englishmen left their country, as 45.300 Germans, 20.000 French and 11.600 Portuguese.”

Map also shows what looks like 1850s flows for the Atlantic slave trade, South Asian and East Asian labor migrations to the Caribbean and Brazil.